Archive | January, 2013

Do Migraines Lead to Cognitive Decline?

While many experience migraines, there are many unanswered questions. One such question researchers are interested is whether or not those who experience migraine headaches are also more likely to experience cognitive decline when compare to those who don’t suffer. Previous studies have shown that migraines lead to increased risk of stroke and structural brain lesions. A study that appeared in the British Medical Journal (BMJ) on August 8, 2012 says “Previous studies on migraines and cognitive decline were small and unable to identify a link between… [migraines and cognitive decline]. Our study was large enough to draw the conclusion that migraines, while painful, are not strongly linked to cognitive decline.” The researchers looked at data from the Women’s Health Study, a cohort of nearly 40,000 women, 45 years and older. In this study, researchers analyzed data from 6,349 women who provided information about migraine status at baseline and then participated in cognitive testing during follow-up. The women were classified into 4 different groups No History of Migraine Migraine with Aura Migraine without Aura Past History of Migraine The women received cognitive testing in two year intervals up to three times. The authors state “Compared with women with no history of […]

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The Risks of Cheerleading

I am not sure how many consider the risks and hazards of cheerleading, but c ertainly one thinks of the risks of other sports like football, hockey, and basketball. In actuality cheerleading is the second leading cause of catastrophic injuries in high school sports after football. The following infographic presents some informative information on the risks of cheerleading and questions whether or not it should nationally be made a sport.

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Behavioral Issues Come to Children with Migraine

A new study in Cephalagia shows that  children who have migraine headaches are much more likely than other children to also have behavioral difficulties, including social and attention issues, and anxiety and depression. This is no surprise to me. Marco Arruda, director of the Glia Institute in São Paulo, Brazil, together with Marcelo Bigal of the Albert Einstein College of Medicine in New York studied 1,856 Brazilian children aged 5 to 11. The authors were studying how children’s behavioural and emotional symptoms correlate with migraine and tension-type headaches. Children who experience migraine had a much greater overall likelihood of abnormal behavioral scores than controls, especially in social, attention, somatic, anxiety-depressive, and internalizing domains. Children who experience tension-type headaches were affected in the same domains as migraine sufferers, but to a lesser degree. For children with either migraine (23%) or tension-type headaches (29%), more frequent headaches correlated with increasingly abnormal scores on the behavior scale.  Behavior that was most often seen were those characterized as internalizing — behaviors directed towards the self. 19% of controls were reported to have issues with internalizing behaviors, while over 50% of migraine sufferers were affected. Externalizing behaviors, such as being aggressive and breaking rules, were […]

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Acheiving Optimal Peformance with Biofeedback and Neurofeedback

 I came across an interesting discussion about biofeedback in the journal called Biofeedback. I have experience with biofeedback and have discussed some of this here The article presents the narrative of a young cellist who is able to realize the potential of his talent and also able to eliminate migraine headaches. William, the name young musician described in the article, sought relief from migraine headaches that were affecting him almost daily. His therapy, however, did not take the approach of treating the headaches, but of focusing on William as a person and as a performer. By improving his functionality, working through moments of obsessiveness, self-criticism, fear, and anxiety, the headaches could also be resolved. William used sensors to read his brainwaves using software which gave feedback to the brain through a visual display and sound. This technology is able to help people past that moment when they obsess over whether they have given the correct answer or hit in this case played the right musical note. Neurofeedback, guided imagery, and coaching about decisions was able to help William move beyond the difficulties he encountered. During his senior recital in college, he was able to give a relaxed, confident performance […]

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